Electric Vehicle 101

Types of Plug-in Electric Vehicles:
 

Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle PLUS (PHEV+)

- 100% electric

- Zero tail pipe emissions

- Range varies widely across models

- Has both battery and conventional gas engine; uses gas once battery is depleted

- Lower emissions than convention gas-only vehicles

- Battery capacity is LESS than 10kWh

- Has both battery and conventional gas engine; uses gas once battery is depleted

- Lower emissions than convention gas-only vehicles

- Battery capacity is GREATER than 10kWh

Vehicle Range:
 

The range plug-in electric vehicles are capable of traveling on their battery varies widely by make and model. Battery Electric Vehicles come with electric ranges of up to 370 miles. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles and PHEV+s come with electric ranges of anywhere between 10 and 125 miles (though most have an electric range of 50 miles or less), and have a conventional gas engine that can be used as a backup when the battery is depleted. Visit Plug In America’s website to compare the electric range of available BEVs and PHEVs/PHEV+s.

Charging Your Vehicle:
 

Many plug-in electric vehicle owners opt to charge at home using a vehicle charging station they’ve installed. Charging can also be accomplished via a standard household outlet. See the below table for specifics on the different types of charging available:

TYPES OF CHARGING

AC Level 1

AC Level 2

DC Fast Charge

Description

Standard Household Outlet

Charging Station

Charging Station

Power Level

120 volts

240 volts

480 volts

Range to Charge Ratio

2 to 5 miles of range per one hour of charge

10 to 20 miles of range per one hour of charge

60 to 80 miles of range per 20 minutes of charge

Click here to learn more about charging types.

In addition, public electric vehicle charging stations have become more prevalent and are now commonly found at hotels, shopping centers, restaurants, public parking lots, workplaces, parking garages, and more. Today, there are around 300 public charging stations in Massachusetts alone. Visit PlugShare to view a map of public charging stations and see information on each station’s type, plug compatibility, rate, and network.